A Glossary of Cannabis Terms


Bong- A filtration device used for smoking Cannabis or tobacco. A Bong is filled with water which helps to filtrate and cool the smoke before inhalation.

Blunt- Cannabis wrapped in a tobacco leaf cigar. Typically comes in a variety of different flavours and lasts longer than a joint.

Bubbler- A hybrid between a pipe and a bong. Being a bit larger than a pipe it has one or more chambers for water to diffuse the smoke before inhalation.

Bud– refers to the actual flower of the Cannabis plant. Buds are the part of the Cannabis plant that contains Cannabinoids.

Cannabidiol (CBD)– Accounts for up to 40% of the Cannabis plant. Popular for its medical benefits, effectively treats pain, inflammation and anxiety. Unlike THC, CBD has no psychoactive properties.

Cannabinoids– Are the chemical compounds found in the Cannabis plant that act on the brains Cannabinoid receptors. Existence of Cannabinoid receptors in the brain was established in 1988 by William Devane. Cannabis’ most well known Cannabinoid is Tetrahydrocannabinol(THC) due to its euphoric and psychoactive effects. Another Cannabinoid is Cannabidiol(CBD) known for its health benefits.

Cannabis– A tall plant with a stiff upright stem, divided serrated leaves, and glandular hairs. Dried preparations of the flowers on this plant can be smoked. There are three different species of the Cannabis plant known as Cannabis Sativa, Cannabis Indica and Cannabis Ruderalis.

Concentrates– Are made by dissolving Cannabis from its plant form into a solvent. The result is a concentrate with very high levels of THC.

Crystals– The part of the Cannabis plant that contains the most THC.

Dabbing– Is a way to consume Cannabis concentrates. The process includes placing a small amount of concentrate (a “dab”) on to the heated surface of an oil rig pipe, vaporizing the concentrate.

Edibles– Are baked goods, drinks or candies infused with Cannabis extracts. Edibles usually take longer to take effect so you should always take them slowly and wait for them to take effect before consuming more.

Flower– The flowers of the Cannabis plant refer to the hairy and often sticky buds which are the parts of the plant harvested to consume.

Hash– Is made from the resin of the Cannabis plant and is typically consumed with tobacco.

Hemp– Made from the stem of male Cannabis plants. It can be used to manufacture rope, paper, etc.

Hybrid– A cross between two genetically different strains of Cannabis. Most Cannabis on the market today is some sort of Hybrid.

Indica– A species of Cannabis that is typically smaller and broader. The majority of Indicas offer a very relaxing physical effect.

Joint– A cannabis filled cigarette

Percolator– typically an extra water chamber or added tube that allows for more filtration and smoother inhalation.

Ruderalis– A species of Cannabis with low THC. It is an auto-flowering variety which means it flowers with age and not light. Very high in CBD.

Sativa– A species of Cannabis most known for their energetic and cerebral effects. They tend to grow taller and take longer to flower.

Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC)– Most recognized Cannabinoid in the Cannabis plant. THC is the
component of the Cannabis plant that is responsible for the psychoactive effects.

Tincture– Is a liquid form of Cannabis typically made with alcohol or glycerol. Can be flavoured and is distributed using a dropper. Most people find using tinctures that results can be felt in minutes.

Topical– Are balms, lotions or creams infused with Cannabis. They are known to help ease pain when they are applied.

Vaporizer– heats flower or oils to a specific temperature that then activates the Cannabinoids and turns them into a vapor to be inhailed.